Playing East: Arabs Perform in Nineteenth Century America

  • Linda Jacobs
Keywords Arab performers, nineteenth century, America, United States, Syrians, Lebanese, diaspora, North Africans, Orientalism, Arabs, peddler, entertainment, Syrian Christians


This article explores the practice, widespread among the diasporic Syrians and North Africans of the nineteenth century, of pretending to be Arabs. “Arabs” were astute purveyors of Orientalism, both in entertainment and in trade. Syrian peddlers and merchants played the Orientalist card because they knew it would help sell their goods. In this paper, I concentrate on those Arabs who made a living entertaining Americans in the nineteenth century by dressing up. Entertainment ran the gamut from stage performance like vaudeville and circus acts to high-toned lectures, with the former being dominated by North Africans and the latter by Syrian Christians. Orientalism sold, and every Arab knew it and exploited it.
How to Cite
JACOBS, Linda. Playing East: Arabs Perform in Nineteenth Century America. Mashriq&Mahjar, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 79-110, jan. 2015. ISSN 2169-4435. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 apr. 2019. doi:


Lebanese Immigration; Syrian Immigration; North African Immigration; Nineteenth Century; Entertainers; Orientalism; Auto-orientalism