Transnational Religious Governance as Diaspora Politics: Reforming the Moroccan Religious Field Abroad

  • Benjamin Bruce
Keywords Morocco, diaspora politics, religious governance, transnationalism, Islam, France

Abstract

In 2004, the King Mohammed VI of Morocco announced the beginning of a series of fundamental reforms of the main state religious institutions of the country. These reforms were designed to include the over 3.8 million Moroccans living in foreign countries based on the claim that they are a part of a shared transnational religious field. This article analyzes the evolution of the main diaspora policy instruments used by Morocco abroad, especially in the case of France, such as sending delegations of religious personnel during Islamic holidays, funding mosques and Islamic associations, and providing training programs for imams from other countries. I argue that these reforms should be understood as a form of diaspora politics that aims to reinforce the Moroccan state’s ability to govern the religious affairs of its citizens and their descendants abroad with the ultimate goal of maintaining control over the religious field at home.


 


Cover Image: The Great Mosque of Strasbourg. Image by author.

Author Biography

Benjamin Bruce

Benjamin Bruce holds a PhD from Sciences Po Paris and is CONACYT Research Fellow at El Colegio de la Frontera Norte – Monterrey. He studies migration, religion, diasporas, and international politics.

The Great Mosque of Strasbourg. Image by author.
Published
2018-01-25
How to Cite
BRUCE, Benjamin. Transnational Religious Governance as Diaspora Politics: Reforming the Moroccan Religious Field Abroad. Mashriq&Mahjar, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 36-70, jan. 2018. ISSN 2169-4435. Available at: <https://lebanesestudies.ojs.chass.ncsu.edu/index.php/mashriq/article/view/159>. Date accessed: 11 dec. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.24847/55i2018.159.
Section
Special Section: Migration and Transnational Governance